National Technology Standards (ITEA):
Standard 2: Students will develop an understanding of the core concepts of technology. 2E. Requirements involve the identification of the criteria and constraints of a product or system and the determination of how they affect the final design and development.
2F. Optimization is an ongoing process or methodology of designing or making a
product and is dependent on criteria and constraints.
2G. New technologies create new processes. (Benchmark CC)
2H. Quality control is a planned process to ensure that a product, service, or system meets established criteria.
2I. Management is the process of planning, organizing, and controlling work.
Standard 4: Students will develop an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political effects of technology
4A. Changes caused by the use of technology can range from gradual to rapid and
from subtle to obvious
4B. Making decisions about the use of technology involves weighing the trade off s
between the positive and negative effects.
4C. Ethical considerations are important in the development, selection, and use of
4D. The transfer of a technology from one society to another can cause cultural,
social, economic, and political changes affecting both societies to varying degrees.
Students will develop an understanding of the influence of
technology on history. (Standard 7)
Students will develop an understanding of the influence of technology on history
7A. Most technological development has been evolutionary, the result of a series of
ref inements to a basic invention.
7B. The evolution of civilization has been directly af fected by, and has in turn affected, the development and use of tools and materials.
7C. Throughout history, technology has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
7D. Early in the history of technology, the development of many tools and machines
was based not on scientif ic knowledge but on technological know how.
7G. The Renaissance, a time of rebirth of the arts and humanities, was also an important development in the history of technology.
Standard 8: Students will develop an understanding of the attributes of Design
8A. The design process includes defining a problem, brainstorming, researching and generating ideas, identifying criteria and specif ying constraints, exploring possibilities, selecting an approach, developing a design proposal, making a model or prototype, testing and evaluating the design using specif ications, ref ining the design, creating or making it, and communicating processes and results.
8B. Design problems are seldom presented in a clearly defined form.
8C. The design needs to be continually checked and critiqued, and the ideas of the
design must be redefined and improved.
8D. Requirements of a design, such as criteria, constraints, and efficiency,
sometimes compete with each other. (Benchmark K)
Standard 9: Students will develop an understanding of engineering design.
9A. Established design principles are used to evaluate existing designs, to collect data, and to guide the design process. (Benchmark I)
9B. Engineering design is influenced by personal characteristics, such as creativity,
resourcefulness, and the ability to visualize and think abstractly. (Benchmark J)
9C. A prototype is a working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments. (Benchmark K)
9D. The process of engineering design takes into account a number of factors.
Standard 10: Students will develop an understanding of the role of troubleshooting, research and development, and invention
10A. Research and development is a specific problem solving approach that is
used intensively in business and industry to prepare devices and systems for the
marketplace. (Benchmark I)
10B. Technological problems must be researched before they can be solved.
10C. Not all problems are technological, and not every problem can be solved using
technology. (Benchmark K)
10D. many technological problems require a multidisciplinary approach.
Standard 11: Students will develop abilities to apply the design process.
11A. Identify the design problem to solve and decide whether or not to address it.
11B. Identify criteria and constraints and determine how these will af fect the design
process. (Benchmark N)
11C. Refine a design by using prototypes and modeling to ensure quality,
efficiency, and productivity of the final product. (Benchmark O)
11D. Evaluate the design solution using conceptual, physical, and mathematical
models at various intervals of the design process in order to check for proper design
and to note areas where improvements are needed. (Benchmark P)
11E. Develop and produce a product or system using a design process.
11F. Evaluate final solutions and communicate observation, processes, and results
of the entire design process, using verbal, graphic, quantitative, virtual, and written
means, in addition to three dimensional models. (Benchmark R)
Standard 12: Students will develop the abilities to use and maintain technological products and systems.
12A. Document processes and procedures and communicate them to different audiences using appropriate oral and written techniques. (Benchmark L)
12B. Diagnose a system that is malfunctioning and use tools, materials, machines, and knowledge to repair it. (Benchmark M)
12C. Troubleshoot, analyze, and maintain systems to ensure safe and proper function and precision. (Benchmark N)
12D. Operate systems so that they function in the way they were designed.
12E. Use computers and calculators to access, retrieve, organize, process, maintain, interpret, and evaluate data and information in order to communicate.
Standard 19: Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use manufacturing technologies.
19A. Servicing keeps products in good operating condition. (Benchmark L)
19B. Materials have dif ferent qualities and may be classified as natural, synthetic, or mixed. (Benchmark M)
19C. Durable goods are designed to operate for a long period of time, while non
durable goods are designed to operate for a short period of time. (Benchmark N)
STEMArts Workshop Standard Alignment
National Technology Standards (ITEA):